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Monument

Hofanlage Milz Kressbronn a. B.

Dorfstraße 56,  88079 Kressbronn am Bodensee

Former farm and sheriff's farm - cultural monument of special importance.

Official content of Kressbronn am Bodensee

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A precious treasure of rural culture of the Lake Constance region can be discovered in the Kressbronn suburb of Retterschen: a typical former farmhouse at its original location in the middle of the village, with a centuries-old history, with buildings and furnishings that are preserved in rare completeness and originality, filled with traces of a changeful development left by generations of farming families.

The history of the farm, which has been uninhabited since 1992, can be traced back to the earliest possession of the St. Gallen monastery in Retterschen 799. Until 1809, the estate was owned by highly regarded foreign landlords as a large farming fiefdom and was managed by their serf farmers. Since the middle of the 17th century, the Huster family lived on the farm, which they were able to acquire in 1809. In the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century the family modernised the farm and the buildings in the course of the agricultural structural change. Under sheriff Franz Josef Huster, the estate had a special status as the sheriff's Court of the municipality. The living quarters were rebuilt by him in 1855 and equipped with an office where the municipal administration was based until 1870. After the two world wars in the 20th century with their noticeable consequences. For the family, the gradual decline with the abandonment of agriculture was successful until the touching fate of the last resident Theresia Milz, who died in 2000.

Today a total of four buildings from three centuries form an impressive ensemble: the main house (1855(75) with living quarters, stables and hayloft, the shed (1717) with sheaves, wine cellar and must press, the shed (1803) with fruit cellar and hop kiln and the bakery (1705). Here, authentically preserved living quarters remind us of the everyday life of the farm inhabitants. The various uses of these buildings document the structural changes that have taken place on Lake Constance since the 19th century: from cereal and wine growing, which has been predominant since the Middle Ages, to dairy farming, fruit and hop growing. The site is complemented by a traditional farmer's garden and a typical meadow with high trunk trees.

The municipality acquired the farm in 2001, and the Verein zur Erhaltung der Hofanlage Milz e. V. (Milz Farm Conservation Society), founded in 2002, has been responsible for the preservation of the buildings and the revitalisation of the estate in accordance with the regulations for listed buildings ever since. As it is uninhabited, the association is able to realise an extraordinary, authentic conservation concept and opens the farm to the public for well-founded guided tours, visits and a varied programme of events. The association has received several awards for its dedicated work.