As early as 1340, two residents of the Jewish religion can be found in Sinsheim. In the course of history, historical sources have repeatedly documented the presence of Jewish families in Sinsheim. In the 18th century there were around six families, around 70 in 1815 and 121 in 1842. In order to do justice to the growing Jewish community, a synagogue was built directly on the city wall in 1836. It was an unadorned two-storey building with a granary, which must have been very similar to the Steinsfurt synagogue that was preserved by a stroke of luck. In the early morning hours of the November Progrom on November 10, 1938 the synagogue was completely destroyed.