Historic Royal Retreats

In the Footsteps of SouthWest Germany's Kings and Princes

Die Burg Hohenzollern war Stammsitz des preußischen Königshauses und der Fürsten von Hohenzollern.
Imposing Homes and Their Famous Dynasties

Some aristocratic names survived

Imposing Homes and Their Famous Dynasties

SouthWest Germany is known for its array of imposing castles and glamorous palaces, built centuries ago by the rulers of individual kingdoms, principalities and dukedoms. At the beginning of the 19th century, when Napoleon changed the map of Europe, these separate states were merged into the Grand Duchy of Baden, the Kingdom of Württemberg and the principalities of the Hohenzollern family. Some of the aristocratic names survived; some did not. But many of their homes did, and many are open to the public. Step inside. Travel back in time. Discover the history of SouthWest Germany, the German federal state of Baden-Württemberg.

1. The House of Baden

A Wine Dynasty

1. The House of Baden

Luftaufnahme des Schloss Salem am Bodensee. Das Schloss besteht aus vielen langen Gebäuden. Um das Schloss sind Wiesen und Bäume.
Salem Castle at Lake Constance serves as the residence of Margrave Max von Baden and his family. | © TMBW | Foto: Raatz
Today, Karlsruhe Palace is home to the Baden State Museum. | © Achim Mende
Ausblick über das Alte Schloss Hohenbaden und die Stadt Baden-Baden umgeben von Wäldern.
From the Old Castle of Hohenbaden you have a magnificent view over Baden-Baden and the Black Forest. | © Susi Maier

Markgraf von Baden, the Margrave/Marquess of Baden, is not just the title held by the head of the House of Baden, it is also the name of their famous winery in Germany's warmest and sunniest region. The margraves and dukes have a tradition of winemaking that dates back through the centuries. In 1495, Margrave Christoph von Baden introduced one of the world's oldest wine laws, setting new standards for wine quality. Almost three centuries later, Margrave Carl Friedrich (whose 73 years of rule is one of history’s longest) introduced new methods of cultivation and techniques for winemaking. 

Today, the family has two properties in the vineyards. Overlooking Lake Constance is Salem Castle, a former monastery, where Margrave Max von Baden and his family still live. In the castle, there is a vast main cellar and a special cellar for traditional wooden barrels, where the award-winning red and white wines are matured. Tour the winery; taste the wines; see the ancient wine press used by monks; hike through the vineyards. You can also combine wine tasting with a guided tour of the castle. 

The other House of Baden in the vineyards is Staufenberg Castle in Durbach in the Black Forest. Set high on a hillside, the castle has an atmospheric gourmet wine tavern and a sun-drenched terrace with spectacular views. On a clear day, you can see as far as Strasbourg in France! In former times, the House of Baden also owned Karlsruhe Palace and the Old Castle of Hohenbaden.

salem.de/en | schloss-staufenberg.de/en | Karlsruhe Palace | altes-schlosshohenbaden.de/en

Winter 044

Castle Salem

Salem monastery and palace

Excursion restaurant Durbach

Wine Tavern Castle Staufenberg

Karlsruhe Palace Fountain Joachim Mende

Castle Karlsruhe

Karlsruhe Palace

Old Castle

Castle Baden-Baden

Old Castle

2. The House of Württemberg

Royal and Romantic

2. The House of Württemberg

Blick auf die Grabkapelle auf dem Rotenberg bei Stuttgart. Im umliegenden Tal sind viele Felder und Ortschaften.
The Rotenberg burial chapel on the Württemberg hill was built by King Wilhelm I for his wife Katharina. | © SMG| Foto: Jürgen Pollak
Die Gartenschau Blühenden Barock Ludwigsburg mit dem Märchengarten ist ein wunderbares Erlebnis für die ganze Familie.
Ludwigsburg Palace was the summer palace of the Württemberg dynasty.  | © TMBW | Foto: Achim Mende
Außenansicht des Alten Schlosses in Stuttgart
Formerly the home of the Württemberg dymasty, Stuttgart's Old Palace houses the Württemberg State Museum nowadays. | © Landesmuseum Württemberg Stuttgart| Foto: Hendrik Zwietasch

In Stuttgart, high above the Neckar Valley, there is one of the most romantic places in SouthWest Germany: the Burial Chapel on Württemberg hill. In 1824, this temple-like monument to eternal love was built by King Wilhelm I of Württemberg for his wife, Queen Katharina, who died of flu, aged 30. Surrounded by vineyards, this is a popular destination for walkers and romantics alike. 

But there are reminders of King Wilhelm I and the Württemberg dynasty everywhere in the Stuttgart region. As a boy, Wilhelm spent time at Ludwigsburg Palace, the magnificent 18th-century Baroque summer palace and gardens. After Napoleon elevated the electorate of Württemberg into a kingdom in 1806, Stuttgart’s New Palace became the official seat of the Württemberg royal family. Nowadays, the palace houses government offices. As for Stuttgart’s Old Palace, Wilhelm transformed it from ‘home’ to ‘museum’. In 1862, he established a “state collection of national antiquities”; today, this is the excellent Württemberg State Museum. 

All three buildings are still beautiful, imposing – and are open to the public. But for romance, it has to be the hilltop mausoleum, where King Wilhelm I and Queen Katharina lie alongside their daughter Marie. Today, sweethearts are drawn by the story, the views and the words in gold above the chapel entrance: "Love never ends".

3. The Staufer

Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire

3. The Staufer

Blick auf die übrigen Mauerteile der Ruine Hohenstaufen.
All that remains of the ancestral castle of the Staufer is the ruin of Hohenstaufen castle. | © Stadtmarketing Göppingen

Frederick Barbarossa, the red-bearded ruler of the Holy Roman Empire was born in 1122. This means he would have celebrated his 900th birthday in 2022! In many ways, this member of the Staufer dynasty shaped what we think of as the Middle Ages in Europe. He founded numerous cities north of the Alps, encouraged growth and trade and built royal mints. His grandson, Friedrich II, was a forceful Holy Roman Emperor, creating a civil service and promoting the study of science. And the Staufer legacy remains. The three Staufer lions of this ancient ruling house are on the Baden-Württemberg coat of arms today. In the Swabian Alb, the Drei Kaiserberge, three Emperor Mountains, are named for the family. Hohenstaufen Castle, the family seat of the Staufers is in ruins, but the nearby Staufer Museum records the rise and sudden fall of the dynasty. For walkers, a series of Löwenpfade hiking trails reflect links with the past around Göppingen, an hour east of Stuttgart.

burgruine-hohenstaufen.de/en

Hiking trail

Löwenpfad "Staufer-Runde" - Barbarossa's traces in front of a fantastic backdrop

Hard
  • 11.2 km
  • 04:15 h
  • 352 m
  • Kurzer Qualitätsweg kulturerlebnis
Lorch Monastery

Monastery Lorch

Ehemaliges Benediktinerkloster Lorch

  • Your "Alb Inclusive" Vacation
4. Hohenzollern

Dynamic dynasty

4. Hohenzollern

Hohenzollernschloss Sigmaringen. Das Schloss steht auf einem kleinen Berg beziehungsweise Erhebung.
The Hohenzollern Palace in Sigmaringen enchants with its residential halls. | © Hohenzollernschloss Sigmaringen
Die Burg Hohenzollern war Stammsitz des preußischen Königshauses und der Fürsten von Hohenzollern.
After the Thirty Years War in the 17th century, Hohenzollern Castle was rebuild in neo-Gothic style and looks like a classic fairy-tale castle since then. | © Black Forest Production GmbH

Set on a craggy hilltop, Hohenzollern Castle looks like a classic fairy-tale castle.  Silhouetted against the sky, it is visible from miles away. For centuries after the Thirty Years War, the castle lay in ruins. In 1819, King Frederick William IV of Prussia rebuilt the castle in neo-Gothic style. This is what we see today. As well as Hohenzollern Castle, the family also owns the romantic Hohenzollern Palace, also known as Sigmaringen Castle. Both buildings are open to the public, with a lively programme of events, such as concerts and exhibitions, throughout the year. Highlights at Hohenzollern Castle include the glittering Prussian crown jewels and the beautiful Royal Winter Magic in the castle courtyard. Sigmaringen Castle is the home of one of the largest private weapon collections in Europe. Hohenzollern Castle is an hour southwest of Stuttgart; Sigmaringen Castle is 90 minutes south of Stuttgart.

burg-hohenzollern.com/en | en.hohenzollern-schloss.de

Castle Burg Hohenzollern

Hohenzollern Castle

Hohenzollern Castle Sigmaringen

Castle Sigmaringen

Sigmaringen Castle

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5. Hohenlohe-Langenburg

Noble networkers

5. Hohenlohe-Langenburg

Ausblick auf Schloss Langenburg und Umgebung. Um das Schloss sind Wälder und einige Berge.
Langenburg Castle has a varied history. | © Wetraveltheworld

One of the few royal residences in SouthWest Germany that is still lived in is Langenburg Castle. Towering above the Jagst valley in the Schwäbisch Hall district, this has been home to the von Hohenlohe family for almost 900 years. Although the family is related to the British royal family via the late Prince Philip, don’t expect British formality. At Langenburg Castle, everyone is made to feel welcome. Coffee and cake have been served in the Baroque rose garden since 1950; tours of the castle show off antique furniture, tapestries, paintings, porcelain and armour, while costumed chambermaids and barons reveal spicy details about aristocratic life in bygone days. Another major draw is the Deutsches Automuseum, the German Automobile Museum, in the old royal stables. Petrol heads love Albrecht Goertz's Porsche 914/6 prototype, which Goertz donated to the museum in 1992. Langenburg is 90 minutes northeast of Stuttgart.

6. The House of Wittelsbach

Three grand castles

6. The House of Wittelsbach

Panoramaansicht Alte Brücke und Schloss Heidelberg in der Kurpfalz
The famous view from the Old Bridge over the Neckar river to Heidelberg Castle. 
Barockschloss Mannheim
Mannheim Palace is the second-largest Baroque palace in Euope.

Wittelsbach may not be a familiar name even for history buffs, but this Bavarian family certainly left their mark in SouthWest Germany. Start with Heidelberg Castle, once the residence of the Palatinate branch of the family. They converted what was a massive fortress into a residential palace. Then the French burnt it to the ground.  So, the family moved their capital to Mannheim in 1720, where Elector Carl Philipp started to build what is now the second-largest Baroque palace in Europe; only Versailles is larger. His successor, Carl Theodor wanted a summer palace and a beautiful garden: the result was Schwetzingen Palace and its extensive gardens. As for the Wittelsbachs, after reunification with the Bavarian royal house in 1777, they all moved to Munich, leaving behind three of Europe’s most delightful castles. Heidelberg, Mannheim and Schwetzingen are all about 90 minutes northwest of Stuttgart.

schloss-heidelberg.de/en | schloss-mannheim.de/en | schloss-schwetzingen.de/en

Alte Brücke Schlosshintergrund

Castle Heidelberg

Heidelberg Castle

Mannheim_Barockschloss_©Stadtmarketing Mannheim GmbH_Achim Mende_105

Event location Mannheim

Mannheim Baroque Palace

Castle Schwetzingen

Palace

Park Schwetzingen

Schwetzingen Palace Garden

7. House of Fürstenberg

Music and beer lovers

7. House of Fürstenberg

Blick auf das Schloss Donaueschingen mit schön angelegtem Schlossgarten.
Donaueschingen Castle is the ancestral seat of the Fürstenberg dynasty. | © Stadt Donaueschingen| Foto: Tobias Raphael Ackermann

The roots of the Fürstenberg family can be traced back to the year 1070. This makes the Fürstenberg princes part of the oldest European high nobility. Today, their descendants live in Donaueschingen Castle. In 1763, Prince Joseph Wendel zu Fürstenberg even welcomed Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart there. If you would like to get close to this meeting place, you can learn all there is to know about the more than 300-year-old residence on a guided tour of the castle.

haus-fuerstenberg.de/en

F rtlich F rstenbergisches Schloss Copyright Stadt Donaueschingen Fotograf Tobias Raphael Ackermann 2

Castle Donaueschingen

The Princely Fürstenberg Palace