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<p>Calw - the town of Hermann Hesse, half-timbered buildings and a monastery</p>

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Touristinformation Calw · CC BY-SA

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Hermann Hesse is back. He's right there on the Nikolausbr\u00fccke, in life-size dimensions. Calw\u2019s most famous son, the author and Nobel Prize winner for literature. His bronze statue adorns the historic Nagold\u00fcbergang. This is where he spent his childhood. In an idyllic small town, which he held dear to his heart throughout his life. Much of the townscape from that period still survives today. For instance, the marketplace with its picturesque half-timbered buildings. It was in one of these that Hermann Hesse was born on the 2nd of July 1877. Another is home to the Hermann Hesse Museum today. This houses the largest exhibition about his life. At the moment it is being renovated. It is due to reopen early in 2024 having undergone a complete redesign. <\/p>\n

In Calw, culture and tradition are closely combined. A Northern Black Forest town with bags of charm and history. As demonstrated by the town's museum in the elegant Palais Vischer. Other places worth visiting are the tannery museum and the prison tower \"Der Lange\". Themed trails with QR codes, audio and text files are an easy way to access the centre. There are 200 listed buildings here. <\/p>\n

One truly exceptional historical monument is in the district of Hirsau. The romantic ruins of St. Peter and Paul are evidence of one of the most important monasteries in the Middle Ages. A previous building was dedicated to St. Aurelius. A well-known choir, the \"Aurelius S\u00e4ngerknaben\", now carries this name all over the world. Plenty of visitors also come to Calw because of Hermann Hesse. Every now and again, the great Hesse fan Udo Lindenberg comes to stay in the town. Occasionally he even holds concerts here. He loves to stroll through the streets in town. As do so many visitors, who love the individual character of the shopping opportunities here. A small town with no stress. In close proximity to the Black Forest's magnificent natural landscape. <\/p>","geocoordinates":{"longitude":8.7378826,"latitude":48.7148265},"highlight":true,"id":"984a34be-c846-4de9-89df-d5f0f038d602","invisible":false,"latitude":48.7148265,"license":"cc-by-sa","locale":"en","longitude":8.7378826,"name":"Calw","sourceInformationLink":"","tipFamous":false,"tipHighlight":true,"tipIdyllic":false,"tipNatural":false,"tipOffTheTrack":false,"tipOnlyHere":true,"tipPopular":false,"tipTypicalForRegion":false,"type":"area","updatedAt":"2022-07-27T15:35:14","primaryCategory":{"id":"f1f04738-d0d7-46cb-9341-738fd4f8861a","name":"City","nameWithParents":"Area \u00bb Location \u00bb City","rootline":["f82359f3-b904-409d-a6bc-d70527e38d8f","f1f04738-d0d7-46cb-9341-738fd4f8861a"],"rootlineNames":["Area","Location","City"],"type":"city","invisible":false,"fieldGroupsHighlight":[],"fieldGroupsSpecific":[],"fieldGroupsGeneral":[],"fieldGroupTypesWithParents":{"highlight":[],"specific":["35edb15b-d1e0-4450-b9f9-ccc4a6ec90c6","9043be40-94b6-49ab-8e6f-99554c0d152c","59900ece-7826-410b-a998-b22307a3f0a5","b2d0ef27-2ebb-468a-a629-e40120f8aa56","f0e9beed-12c0-4e36-b375-b33933cd1dd1","971545ae-3b3b-449e-b7c8-6c18000aefb1"],"general":[]}},"address":null,"client":{"id":"af68bb6f-a73a-4396-9998-b06fc317951e","name":"Calw","url":"http:\/\/www.calw.de","logo":{"id":"428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f","name":"logo-calw.jpg","description":"","url":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/storage\/client\/logo\/b5939c032735fd924d019087b0a7f9d9bf2d5d955654592087430af382719796.jpeg","preview":{"image\/jpeg":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/api\/v1\/file\/428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f\/b5939c\/view?w=500&fm=jpg","image\/webp":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/api\/v1\/file\/428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f\/b5939c\/view?w=500&fm=webp"},"sizes":{"thumb":{"image\/jpeg":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/api\/v1\/file\/428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f\/b5939c\/view?w=64&h=64&fm=jpg","image\/webp":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/api\/v1\/file\/428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f\/b5939c\/view?w=64&h=64&fm=webp"},"medium":{"image\/jpeg":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/api\/v1\/file\/428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f\/b5939c\/view?w=500&fm=jpg","image\/webp":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/api\/v1\/file\/428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f\/b5939c\/view?w=500&fm=webp"}},"license":"none","path":"client\/logo\/b5939c032735fd924d019087b0a7f9d9bf2d5d955654592087430af382719796.jpeg"}},"author":"Touristinformation Calw","copyright":"","area":{"longitude":8.7378826,"latitude":48.7148265,"address":{"id":"59c52531-0681-44a8-9049-ca717af6a4a8","name":null,"street":"Marktplatz","streetNumber":"7","zip":"75365","city":"Calw","state":"Baden-W\u00fcrttemberg","stateCode":8,"country":"DE"},"gettingThere":"","claim":"

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Von April bis Oktober ge\u00f6ffnet.\u00a0Das Geb\u00e4ude, 1961 von der Stadt Calw aus Privatbesitz erworben, beherbergt heute das Museum der Stadt. Es ist das Geburtshaus der Frau von Ludwig Uhland. Erbaut\u00a0von R. Fischer 1791 besitzt das Palais heute noch sein urspr\u00fcngliches Interieur.<\/p>\n

Als Alternative zum Besuch\u00a0Hermann-Hesse-Museums, welches bis ins Jahr\u00a0 2024 wegen Sanierungsma\u00dfnahmen geschlossen ist,\u00a0wurde\u00a0im Jahr 2021 eine\u00a0Pr\u00e4sentation \u00fcber Hermann Hesse im Palais Vischer neu eingerichtet, die einen \u00dcberblick \u00fcber die Lebensstationen des Dichters sowie sein\u00a0Schaffen als Maler in seiner Wahlheimat Montagnola\u00a0vermittelt. Dar\u00fcber hinaus befassen sich zwei R\u00e4ume intensiv mit der Thematik des \"Steppenwolf\"-Romans.<\/p>","apiVersion":1,"currentInformation":"","description":"

Das stattliche Geb\u00e4ude, in dem sich heute das Museum der Stadt befindet, wurde 1787 \u2013 1791 vom Chef der Flo\u00df- und Holzhandels-Compagnie Johann Martin Vischer nach Pl\u00e4nen des Stuttgarter Herzoglichen Oberbaudirektors Reinhard Fischer errichtet. Einige Innenr\u00e4ume sind in ihrem urspr\u00fcnglichen Zustand erhalten und geben Einblick in die gehobene Wohnkultur der damaligen Zeit. Das Museum zeigt in 18 R\u00e4umen Sehenswertes zur Stadtgeschichte, informiert \u00fcber besondere Ereignisse und stellt bedeutende Personen vor. Themen sind u. a.: die Calwer Compagnie als bedeutender Wirtschaftsfaktor in W\u00fcrttemberg, Leben und Werk der weltber\u00fchmten Apothekerfamilie G\u00e4rtner, der Calwer Ulrich R\u00fclein und sein wichtigstes Buch zum Bergbau und die b\u00e4uerliche Welt des Calwer Waldes.
<\/p>\n

Bedeutung f\u00fcr den Literarischen Spaziergang:<\/strong><\/p>\n

Erbaut 1787 bis 1791 durch den Herzoglichen Hofbaudirektor R.F.H. Fischer fu\u0308r Johann Martin Vischer (1751 \u2013 1801), den Chef der im 18. Jahrhundert m\u00e4chtigen und reichen Calwer Flo\u00df- und Holzhandelskompanie. Geburtshaus von Emilie Vischer (1799 \u20131881), der sp\u00e4teren Frau des Dichters Ludwig Uhland (1787 \u2013 1862). Heut e Museum der Stadt Calw.<\/p>\n

Bedeutung f\u00fcr den Rundgang \"Leben mit Wasser\":<\/strong><\/p>\n

Calw war im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert, durch die erfolgreiche T\u00e4tigkeit der Calwer Zeughandlungs-Compagnie (Zeuge = Tuche, Wollstoffe), die reichste Industriestadt von W\u00fcrttemberg. Ein Teil des Reichtums erwirtschaftete auch der Holzhandel, ein Privileg \u00fcbertragen von den F\u00fcrsten (siehe auch Station 3). Die Familie Vischer war federf\u00fchrend f\u00fcr dieses Gesch\u00e4ft. Johann Martin Vischer konnte es sich leisten, 1787 drei H\u00e4user in der Bischofstra\u00dfe aufzukaufen, abrei\u00dfen zu lassen und an ihrer Stelle dieses Palais im Louis Seize-Stil mit Nebengeb\u00e4uden erstellen zu lassen (Versicherungswert: 20.000 Gulden).<\/p>\n


<\/strong><\/p>\n

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Von April bis Oktober ge\u00f6ffnet. Er ist der einzige erhaltene Turm der mittelalterlichen Stadtbefestigung, der fr\u00fcher Wohnung der st\u00e4dtischen Hochw\u00e4chter war und auch als Gef\u00e4ngnis diente.
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Das Eidbuch von 1518 erw\u00e4hnt die W\u00e4chter auf dem Turm, der auch als Hochwacht, Diebsturm, Malefizturm oder Kriminalturm bezeichnet wurde. In dem unteren steinernen Teil befanden sich drei Gef\u00e4ngnisse \u00fcbereinander. Im oberen Fachwerkstock befand sich die Wohnung f\u00fcr einen der beiden W\u00e4chter. Auch das angebaute dreist\u00f6ckige Haus war Gef\u00e4ngnis. Darin ist seit 1990 das Archiv der Stadt untergebracht.
<\/p>\n

\n\u00a0
Das Museum im \u201eLangen\u201c gibt Auskunft \u00fcber die Geschichte der alten Wehranlage, \u00fcber einzelne im Turm Inhaftierte und das Leben in fr\u00fcherer Zeit. \u00dcber zahlreiche Stufen kann man in den Sommermonaten auf den Turm aufsteigen, man gelangt vorbei an den erhaltenen Gef\u00e4ngniszellen zur ehemaligen W\u00e4chterwohnung, von der man einen sch\u00f6nen Blick \u00fcber Calw genie\u00dfen kann.<\/p>","geocoordinates":{"longitude":8.73681,"latitude":48.7146},"highlight":false,"id":"938997d6-f26a-4416-99b9-f869e826a9a2","invisible":false,"latitude":48.7146,"license":"cc-by-sa","locale":"en","longitude":8.73681,"name":"Der Lange","sourceInformationLink":"","tipFamous":false,"tipHighlight":false,"tipIdyllic":false,"tipNatural":false,"tipOffTheTrack":false,"tipOnlyHere":false,"tipPopular":false,"tipTypicalForRegion":false,"type":"point","updatedAt":"2022-09-09T09:18:21","primaryCategory":{"id":"a11a35ee-215e-462c-8182-dc9eea2716d8","name":"Special 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Bedeutung im \"Flyer Leben mit Wasser\":<\/strong><\/p>\n

Ohne Wasser geht beim Gerben gar nichts. Das Gerberhandwerk geh\u00f6rte seit dem 15. Jahrhundert neben der Tuchmacherei zu den wichtigsten Gewerbezweigen der Stadt Calw. Die Gerber siedelten sich vor allem an der Nagold an, denn sie ben\u00f6tigten f\u00fcr den Gerbprozess reichlich Wasser. Die Felle wurden in die Nagold geh\u00e4ngt und dort gew\u00e4ssert. Auch die Abw\u00e4sser wurden direkt in den Fluss geleitet. Es war wohl ein \u00fcbelriechendes Gesch\u00e4ft, weshalb die Gerber auch nicht gerade zu den beliebtesten Handwerkern geh\u00f6rten.<\/p>\n

<\/strong>
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Das Gerbereimuseum ist seit dem 4. Juli 2021 wieder ge\u00f6ffnet.<\/strong><\/p>\n

Das Geb\u00e4ude der Wei\u00dfgerberei Balz wurde um 1800 am Nagoldufer, unweit der Nikolauskapelle errichtet. Der f\u00fcr die Region charakteristische Bau besitzt \u00fcber seinem massiv gemauerten Sockelgeschoss ein zeittypisches Fachwerk, das konstruktiv ausgelegt ist und anl\u00e4sslich eines Besuchs des K\u00f6nigs im Jahr 1899 verputzt wurde. Im Erdgeschoss und in einem Backsteinanbau an der Nagold, der zur Erweiterung der Produktionsr\u00e4ume angelegt wurde, befinden sich die Wasserwerkst\u00e4tten mit historischen Maschinen. Die R\u00e4ume des 1. Obergeschosses wurden mit Einrichtung des Gerbereibetriebes als Fellstube und Zurichtraum genutzt. Hier wird heute die Trockenverarbeitung der Felle und H\u00e4ute sowie deren Vermessung gezeigt.Im ehemaligen Wohngeschoss dar\u00fcber gibt eine Dokumentation Auskunft \u00fcber die Gerbereitradition in Calw, die unterschiedlichen Methoden des Gerbens und die entsprechenden Endprodukte. 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Das ehemalige Benediktinerkloster St. Peter und Paul war in der Klosterbewegung von Cluny im 11. und 12. Jahrhundert das bedeutendste deutsche Reformkloster n\u00f6rdlich der Alpen und wurde 1692 im Pf\u00e4lzischen Erbfolgekrieg von franz\u00f6sischen Truppen zerst\u00f6rt.<\/p>\n

Die ehemalige Klosteranlage St. Peter und Paul ist heute weit \u00fcber die Grenzen von Calw hinaus bekannt. Ob Kulturbegeisterte oder Festival-Fans \u2013 die Klosterbauten sind Kulisse f\u00fcr eine Vielzahl an Veranstaltungen und Angeboten f\u00fcr Jung und Alt.<\/p>","apiVersion":1,"currentInformation":"","description":"

<\/a>Ehemalige Klosteranlage St. Peter und Paul<\/strong>
<\/p>\n

\nIm Jahr 1091 wurde die dreischiffige, au\u00dfergew\u00f6hnlich lange Kirche geweiht. Die Basilika z\u00e4hlt zu den gr\u00f6\u00dften romanischen Kirchen des 11. Jahrhunderts in Deutschland. Die weiteren Bauarbeiten an den romanischen Klostergeb\u00e4uden waren zum gr\u00f6\u00dften Teil im Jahr 1092 beendet.
\n\u00a0
\nDie baustilistischen Elemente der Hirsauer Klosterbauten wurden in der Folge h\u00e4ufig Vorbild f\u00fcr andere Klosterbauten. Man spricht in diesem Zusammenhang von der Hirsauer Bauschule, heute besser Hirsauer Formenschatz. Besondere Merkmale sind unter anderem die vergr\u00f6\u00dferten Seitenschiffe, Staffelchoranlage, der Chorus Minor, das Fehlen von Krypta und Empore, einfache W\u00fcrfelkapitelle und doppelte Schildb\u00f6gen, Schachbrettornamente und die ber\u00fchmten Hirsauer Nasen, die auf den S\u00e4ulenkapitellen an der Schnittstelle von Schildb\u00f6gen und Deckplatten zu finden sind. Die Hirsauer Stilelemente, die zun\u00e4chst nur in den Reformkl\u00f6stern Eingang gefunden hatten, geh\u00f6rten sp\u00e4ter zum allgemeinen Stilkanon der romanischen Architektur.
\n\u00a0
Die erste Bl\u00fctezeit von St. Peter und Paul dauerte bis um 1250. Dann folgte eine Zeit des Niedergangs. Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts schlossen sich die Hirsauer ihrerseits einer Reformbewegung, der Bursfelder Reform, an, die dem Kloster eine zweite Bl\u00fctezeit und die Mittel zu Neubauten bescherte. Mit Ausnahme der Kirche wurden um 1480 die romanischen Bauteile abgebrochen und durch neue, hochgotische Bauten ersetzt, darunter die Konventsbauten und der Kreuzgang. Andere wurden g\u00e4nzlich neu errichtet, wie die Marienkapelle im Jahr 1508. Im Zuge des Pf\u00e4lzischen Erbfolgekrieges steckten 1692 franz\u00f6sische Truppen die Geb\u00e4ude des ehemaligen Klosters in Brand.<\/p>\n

Viel Musik und lange Sommern\u00e4chte<\/strong>
<\/p>\n

Nicht nur die vergangene Geschichte macht das Kloster Hirsau zu einem der Highlights in Calw. Der weithin bekannte Calwer Klostersommer<\/a> begeistert mit einer gro\u00dfen Bandbreite an K\u00fcnstlern. Ob Pop oder Klassik, die beeindruckende Kulisse macht jedes Konzert zu einem ganz besonderen Erlebnis. Genie\u00dfen Sie akustische Leckerbissen unterm Sternenhimmel und feiern gemeinsam in den Sommer. Und f\u00fcr alle Filmfans wird beim Sommerkino\u00a0das historische Gel\u00e4nde w\u00e4hrend der warmen Monate zum Outdoor-Kinosaal und zeigt bekannte und beliebte Kinofilme.<\/p>\n

<\/a>Das Kloster ist frei zug\u00e4nglich!<\/strong>
<\/p>\n

Zahlreiche Informationstafeln laden zur Selbsterkundung des Klosters und seiner interessanten Geschichte ein.<\/p>\n

Weitere Informationen finden Sie hier.<\/a><\/p>\n

<\/a>Tipps:<\/strong>
<\/p>\n

Besuchen Sie das Klostermuseum Hirsau!<\/a> <\/strong>Hier erhalten Sie Einblicke in die \u00fcber 1100 Jahre zur\u00fcckreichende Hirsauer Klosterkultur, das Leben der M\u00f6nche sowie in die Orts- und Sozialgeschichte des Kurorts Hirsau im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. Oder nehmen Sie an einer Klosterf\u00fchrung<\/a><\/strong> teil!<\/p>","geocoordinates":{"longitude":8.7319850921631,"latitude":48.737625410021},"highlight":true,"id":"bad26b95-9ebb-4e3e-87b5-96619790c15d","invisible":false,"latitude":48.737625410021,"license":"cc-by-sa","locale":"en","longitude":8.7319850921631,"name":"Kloster St. Peter und Paul Hirsau","sourceInformationLink":"","tipFamous":true,"tipHighlight":true,"tipIdyllic":false,"tipNatural":false,"tipOffTheTrack":false,"tipOnlyHere":true,"tipPopular":false,"tipTypicalForRegion":false,"type":"point","updatedAt":"2022-09-01T12:00:38","primaryCategory":{"id":"c755b218-3613-4ef5-bb2c-056282bd1b0e","name":"Monastery","nameWithParents":"Poi and infrastructure \u00bb Religious sites \u00bb Monastery","rootline":["4c5fffa9-b6df-4ca6-98aa-063d848b4e0b","3e599d6d-026d-49d6-b1f5-73bb3769f2a8","c755b218-3613-4ef5-bb2c-056282bd1b0e"],"rootlineNames":["Poi and infrastructure","Religious sites","Monastery"],"type":"point","invisible":false},"address":{"id":"cda2f52a-676d-4546-85dd-91a42fca2943","name":"Kloster Hirsau","street":"Klosterhof","streetNumber":"","zip":"75365","city":"Calw-Hirsau","state":"Baden-W\u00fcrttemberg","stateCode":8,"country":"DE"},"client":{"id":"af68bb6f-a73a-4396-9998-b06fc317951e","name":"Calw","url":"http:\/\/www.calw.de","logo":{"id":"428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f","name":"logo-calw.jpg","description":"","url":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/storage\/client\/logo\/b5939c032735fd924d019087b0a7f9d9bf2d5d955654592087430af382719796.jpeg","preview":{"image\/jpeg":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/api\/v1\/file\/428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f\/b5939c\/view?w=500&fm=jpg","image\/webp":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/api\/v1\/file\/428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f\/b5939c\/view?w=500&fm=webp"},"sizes":{"thumb":{"image\/jpeg":"https:\/\/mein.toubiz.de\/api\/v1\/file\/428c57d9-9c14-4de6-b12b-9d04d9775a5f\/b5939c\/view?w=64&h=64&fm=jpg","image\/webp":"https:\/\/mein.tou